Forceps and Vacuum Delivery Pose The Same Mortality Risk For Babies
Neonatal mortality is similar after vacuum delivery and forceps delivery. Demissie and colleagues (p 24) analyzed more than 12 million deliveries in United States and New Jersey birth cohort files and found that, compared with babies delivered with forceps, those who had vacuum deliveries had a lower risk of birth injuries, neonatal seizures, and assisted ventilation but a higher risk of postpartum hemorrhage and shoulder dystocia. Fetal distress was more common with instrumental delivery, and nulliparous women (those who had not previously borne children) were more likely than parous women (those who have had children) to have instrumental deliveries. Vacuum extraction does have risks, but it remains a safe alternative to forceps delivery, conclude the authors.
Operative vaginal delivery and neonatal and infant adverse outcomes: population based retrospective analysis.